Osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, damage to bone and cartilage

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. Also known as degenerative arthritis it involves degeneration of the joint surface of articular cartilage, spurring of the bone and resultant inflammation of the joint. Painful foot osteoarthritis is estimated to affect 1 in 6 older adults (1).  

What are the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis?

Symptoms typically include loss of movement, tenderness, swelling and pain with weight bearing. The most common joints involved in the foot are the joints in the medial part of the foot including the joint between to middle of the foot and the big toe.

Management of Osteoarthritis

Management can include orthotics, footwear advice, injections and if all else fails surgery.

Remember, always seek professional advice. Your Physiotherapist is the best person to guide your treatment. We hope this guide is helpful. Please feel free to share it with anyone you think would benefit from it.


1. Roddy, Thomas, Marshall, 2015 The population prevalence of symptomatic radiographic foot osteoarthritis in community-dwelling older adults: cross-sectional findings from the Clinical Assessment Study of the Foot. The Annals of Rheumatic Disease.


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